Abstinent Treatment

Abstinence-based, medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is used to help patients reduce cravings for opioids and other commonly abused substances as well as relieve withdrawal symptoms. We offer these types of treatments for patients who are trying to halt the use of substances. The types of abstinence-based MATs we offer involve two different medications: Clonidine (Catapres) and Naloxone.

Clonidine (Catapres)

Clonidine is a medication that is used to help relieve symptoms associated with opioid or alcohol withdrawal; the medication essentially sedates and calms the sympathetic nervous system by controlling symptoms such as an extremely faster heart rate and high blood pressure. These are only just a couple of symptoms normally experienced by patients who are trying to stop the use of substances. Clonidine also relieves common withdrawal symptoms such as:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Dramatic changes in body temperature
  • Restlessness
  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability


Naloxone is medication specifically designed to rapidly reverse an opioid overdose and its resulting symptoms—typically involving difficulty breathing or slowed or stopped breathing. It is designated as a type of opioid antagonist, meaning that it binds to and blocks the receptors in the brain that normally cause cravings of opioids, and prevents as well as reverses the toxic effects of an opioid overdose. Naloxone typically comes in two main forms: it is an injectable medication and also comes in the form of a prepackaged nasal spray.

Why Naloxone

We may prescribe Naloxone to patients undergoing medication-assisted treatments (MAT) such as Suboxone in order to decrease the chances of misuse and diversion from the combination drug. Other candidates for Naloxone include patients who:

  • Are at risk for opioid overdose
  • Are receiving rotating opioid medication regimens
  • Are completing opioid detoxification or abstinence programs

For more information about our abstinence-based MATs, give us a call at 832-780-3960 . Our team will be happy to help you with any questions you have regarding these medications and using them during treatment.